When, at the end of July, Bradley Manning was found guilty of nearly all the charges facing him, his long-running story entered a new chapter. With his guilt established, the trial turned to the matter of his punishment. He faces a potential 90 years in prison, and the judge, Army Colonel Denise Lind, holds his fate in her hands. She will consider the consequences of Manning’s actions and the circumstances surrounding them. The deeper question Lind will also consider, though, is: who was Bradley Manning then, and who is he now?

He was arrested in May 2010 while still stationed in Iraq, suspected of leaking some 700,000 government documents, including reports detailing day-to-day military activities in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as a cache of State Department cables. He was subsequently charged with 22 offenses, including violations of the Espionage Act and the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. The arrest and charges brought him to public attention — like Edward Snowden’s years later, his was the story behind the leaks, the human face behind all that information — and he spent the next three years awaiting trial. He was hailed as a hero and denounced as a traitor.

That dichotomy also defined the prosecution and defense cases. Prosecutor Major Ashden Fein described Manning as an “anarchist” who took an ego-boost from revealing classified documents — “making a splash.” Fein described Manning as a “traitor,” who leaked so much material that “there is no way he even knew what he was giving WikiLeaks.”