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Leaked Tesla documents shed new light on why the Cybertruck is taking so long

Leaked Tesla documents shed new light on why the Cybertruck is taking so long


An alpha prototype of the vehicle reportedly had issues with basic elements like braking, body sealing, and suspension. The vehicle is expected to finally enter production this year.

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Tesla’s Cybertruck.
An image of Tesla’s Cybertruck as of its November 2019 announcement.
Image: Tesla

When the Cybertruck was announced in November 2019, Tesla CEO Elon Musk said he expected production to start in late 2021. But leaked Tesla documents examined by Wired suggest that the company was still struggling with the performance of basic elements of a preproduction “alpha” version of the truck in January 2022 including its braking, body sealing, and suspension.

Over a million customers are thought to have put down a $100 deposit to reserve the Cybertruck since its infamous 2019 unveiling, during which Tesla’s design chief Franz von Holzhausen — at Musk’s request — accidentally smashed two of its windows with a metal ball in a failed demonstration of its durability. Although it’s unlikely to be Tesla’s best-selling vehicle, the Cybertruck’s eventual release will be seen as a symbolic victory for a company that has not shipped a new consumer model since 2020’s Model Y

Tesla’s first new consumer vehicle since 2020’s Model Y

Yet the documents, which came from the same leak reported on by German newspaper Handelsblatt, suggest development of the Cybertruck has been far from smooth. The prototype version of the truck tested in January 2022 had problems with braking, for example, characterized by “excessive pedal travel and inconsistent stop,” “excessive pitch during friction braking,” and issues with braking while turning.

Sealing the vehicle appears to have been another challenge, which is an important element for keeping both weather and noise out of the cabin. “There are a number of areas that we do not have a clear path to sealing,” the documents reportedly says. The prototype vehicle also had issues with its suspension, with the report noting a “significant gap to targets” in some areas of performance, according to Wired.

The fact that development of the Cybertruck has been challenging won’t come as a surprise to anyone who’s been following its development. The truck has an incredibly polarizing design that’s led to intense scrutiny around normally simple elements like windshield wipers. Its angular body is also made of stainless steel, which the New York Times notes is more expensive and heavier than the steel typically used in car manufacturer, and is “expensive and difficult to shape and weld.”

That said, Tesla — the most valuable automaker in the world — has the financial resources to address these difficulties. Elon Musk has scheduled a Cybertruck delivery event for the third-quarter of this year, with mass production expected in 2024. Electrek reports the company is targeting production of 375,000 Cybertrucks a year. For context, Tesla is targeting 1.8 million total deliveries in 2023. Wired’s report is well worth reading in its entirety for all the messy details.

Correction June 20th, 4:47AM ET: Tesla’s Chief Designer Franz von Holzhausen was the one who smashed two of the Cybertruck’s windows during its unveiling. An earlier version of this post said Elon Musk was responsible. We regret the error.