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OpenAI kicked off an AI revolution with DALL-E and ChatGPT, making the organization the epicenter of the artificial intelligence boom. Led by CEO Sam Altman, OpenAI became a story unto itself when Altman was briefly fired and then brought back after pressure from staff and Microsoft, an investor and close partner.

Sora can create video collages, too.

One of OpenAI’s employees showed off another of the company’s new text-to-video generator’s abilities.

This is some impressive AI creation of course, but what in blue blazes is happening in the upper right frame here?

Sora’s AI-generated video looks cool, but it’s still bad with hands.

OpenAI’s still-in-limited-testing new text-to-video generation model, Sora, is very impressive, especially compared to widely available AI video generators like Runway Gen-2 and Google’s Imagen.

As you can see in the clips, though, there are issues — basketballs go through the sides of metal hoops, dogs pass through each other while walking, and hands are.... not always hands.

How much electricity does AI consume?

It’s not easy to calculate the watts and joules that go into a single Balenciaga pope. But we’re not completely in the dark about the true energy cost of AI.

How AI copyright lawsuits could make the whole industry go extinct

The New York Times’ lawsuit against OpenAI is part of a broader, industry-shaking copyright challenge that could define the future of AI.

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AI at Work

How AI can make history

Large language models can do a lot of things. But can they write like an 18th-century fur trader?

Is OpenAI the next challenger trying to take on Google Search?

A source for The Information says OpenAI is working on web search (partially powered by Bing) that would more directly compete with Google. It’s unclear if it would be standalone, or a part of ChatGPT.

This comes one year after Microsoft CEO (and OpenAI backer) Satya Nadella targeted Google by adding Copilot AI tools to Bing, saying on Decoder, “I want people to know that we made them dance.”

Between Google’s Bard / Gemini, Copilot, and newcomers like Perplexity, the dance floor is filling up quickly.

AI expert Andrej Karpathy confirms he’s left OpenAI.

As first reported by The Information, which says he’d been working on an AI assistant. Karpathy’s exit comes a year after rejoining OpenAI, where he was a founding member, with stops at Apple and Tesla in between.

Karpathy’s path has taken him from Google’s If I Had Glass competition to obtaining a Vision Pro, and tonight, he tweeted, “My immediate plan is to work on my personal projects and see what happens.”

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OpenAI’s Dall-E sent a “shock wave of panic” through Adobe.

That’s according to a new Bloomberg report, detailing how Adobe concentrated its efforts to build Firefly, the company’s own “commercially safe” generative AI model used in tools like Photoshop, following the success of rival tools like Midjourney.

Analysts now anticipate that Adobe may be one of the first big tech companies to actually profit from AI. Meanwhile, Adobe Stock contributors who helped train Firefly, potentially unknowingly, receive annual payouts that are as low as $70.

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AI at Work

The return of the (robot) travel agent

A bride, a groom, a honeymoon — and ChatGPT.

Gregory Barber
I guess we’re about to test the Infinite Monkey Theorem.

Sam Altman, ChatGPT’s master and would-be chip czar:

openai now generates about 100 billion words per day.

all people on earth generate about 100 trillion words per day.

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The latest rumor about Sam Altman’s AI chip-building dream could require up to $7 trillion.

For context, here’s how the Wall Street Journal describes OpenAI’s once-again leader’s trillion dollar effort to “reshape the global semiconductor industry:”

Such a sum of investment would dwarf the current size of the global semiconductor industry. Global sales of chips were $527 billion last year and are expected to rise to $1 trillion annually by 2030.

The money is needed to fuel AI’s growth and solve the scarcity of expensive AI chips required to train the large language models that underpin systems like ChatGPT. According to the WSJ, Altman is pitching a chip-making partnership to investors from the UAE, SoftBank CEO Masayoshi Son (again), and TSMC.

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AI developers want the UK to move faster in testing AI models.

The Financial Times reports Google, OpenAI, Microsoft, and Meta are pressing the UK’s AI Safety Institute for clarity on how long AI model testing will take and what happens if risks are found. The institute has begun testing existing models and has access to unreleased ones like Gemini Ultra from Google.

The companies volunteered to undergo testing of their AI models after the AI Safety Summit in November. There is no policy preventing companies from releasing models found risky in the testing.

Hugging Face makes it easier to create its custom chatbots.

Hugging Face tech lead Philipp Schmid posted yesterday that users can now create custom chatbots in “two clicks” using Hugging Chat Assistant. Users’ creations are then publicly available.

Schmid directly compares the feature to OpenAI’s GPTs feature, and adds they can use “any available open LLM, like Llama2 or Mixtral.”

A screenshot showing examples of Hugging Chat Assistants.
Hugging Chat Assistants are available now.
Image: Hugging Face
Nvidia’s AI partners are also its competition.

Nvidia powers most of the AI projects from Microsoft, OpenAI, Amazon, and Meta, but they’re also trying to lessen their dependence on its limited supply. The New York Times explains they want to make switching between Nvidia chips and others (including their own) “as simple” as possible.

As The Verge reported, OpenAI CEO Sam Altman is interested in building chips. Microsoft’s AI-focused chip Maia 100 is expected to arrive this year, and Amazon announced the latest version of its Trainium chip.

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OpenAI banned a political chatbot developer in its first election misinformation action.

Yesterday, The Washington Post reported that AI start-up Delphi cannot use OpenAI’s platform after it created Dean.Bot, a chatbot mimicking Representative Dean Phillips (D-MN) for a super PAC supporting his presidential bid.

The bot ran afoul of OpenAI’s recently adopted misinformation policy that, among other things, disallows political campaigning using ChatGPT. The super PAC will reportedly try again with an open-source alternative.

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OpenAI CEO Sam Altman is talking to TSMC about fabricating AI chips.

That’s according to a Financial Times story this morning, putting a name to yesterday’s Bloomberg report on Altman’s search for investors to realize an AI chip venture.

TSMC, or Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co, is the massive chip fabricator responsible for chips like those you’d find in Apple’s laptops and phones, along with many ARM and AMD devices.

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“No, let ME investigate OpenAI!”

The DOJ and the FTC are apparently going back and forth about which agency can look into the company and its partnership with Microsoft, Politico reports.

I do hope the quote I used in the headline has actually been said as part of the discussions.

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Let people make their own AI chatbots, and they’ll find a way to make AI girlfriends.

OpenAI’s GPT Store explicitly disallows GPTs “dedicated to fostering romantic companionship,” but a search of the store yields many custom chatbots doing just that.

First reported by Quartz, GPTs like “Virtual Sweetheart” (with 100+ chats so far), “Your Ex-Girlfriend Jessica” (200+ chats), and “Judy” (with more than 1,000 chats) are racking up a lot of users. Of course, this is nothing new. Both Replika and encourage AI companionship through chatbots.

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OpenAI launches another paid version of ChatGPT, this time for smaller teams.

ChatGPT Team is targeted toward teams with no more than 150 people. It still has many of the features found in ChatGPT Enterprise, including access to GPT-4 and DALL-E 3; the ability to create custom GPTs; advanced data analysis; a shared workspace; and most importantly, control over data.

Pricing starts at $25 per user/month for annual billing and $30 per user/month when billed monthly.

ChatGPT Team


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How OpenAI’s Anna Makanju made Sam Altman the face of AI.

Here’s a deep dive, published by The Washington Post, into the ChatGPT company’s liaison to global leaders, and her role in turning CEO Sam Altman “into the AI industry’s ambassador.”

The article says Makanju’s coaching helped ingratiate Altman to US lawmakers. As the Post writes, the strategy “could also backfire” if things go sideways with AI and he becomes the focus of lawmakers’ ire.

EU regulators join UK in examining Microsoft’s OpenAI partnership.

The European Commission is examining whether Microsoft’s $13 billion investment into OpenAI is reviewable under the EU merger regulation rules. “We are inviting businesses and experts to tell us about any competition issues that they may perceive in these industries, whilst also closely monitoring AI partnerships to ensure they do not unduly distort market dynamics,” says Margrethe Vestager. The UK’s antitrust watchdog is also asking similar questions.

Illustration of Microsoft and OpenAI logos
Image: Microsoft
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Another one.

Two more authors, Nicholas Basbanes and Nicholas Gage, have filed a class action lawsuit against OpenAI and Microsoft, as reported by Reuters. The complaint alleges that OpenAI and Microsoft “engaged in a massive and deliberate theft of copyrighted works” created by the authors to help train their LLMs.

This new complaint joins a growing pile of lawsuits from writers against OpenAI.