Why Microsoft wants Discord

Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge

Microsoft is reportedly having discussions with Discord to buy the communications app. The Wall Street Journal reports that Microsoft is in “exclusive talks” to acquire Discord, and a deal could close next month. It’s the latest acquisition target for Microsoft, after the company failed to acquire TikTok and Pinterest recently. While all three are very different services, they share one common element: community.

Microsoft is willing to spend big on these services because, outside of Xbox, it doesn’t have a huge consumer-facing community like rivals Google, Amazon, Facebook, and Apple do. Microsoft has watched Google acquire YouTube and turn it into the world’s biggest video platform, Amazon buy Twitch and dominate streaming, Facebook acquire both Instagram and WhatsApp to control the way millions communicate and socialize online, and Apple rule mobile with its App Store.

Discord gives Microsoft access to a growing list of more than 140 million monthly active users that includes thousands of top YouTubers, creators, and gamers. Microsoft wants its own community.

Discord runs across PC, Mac, mobile, and the web.
Image: Discord

A creator community

“Creation, creation, creation — the next 10 years is going to be as much about creation as it is about consumption and about the community around it, so it’s not creating alone,” said Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella in an interview with Bloomberg last month. “If the last 10 years has been about consumption — we’re shopping more, we’re browsing more, we’re binge watching more — there is creation behind every one of those.”

Nadella was quick to focus on creators and communities in the first year of being CEO at Microsoft. One of his first big acquisitions was Mojang, the studio behind Minecraft with its millions of devoted fans. Nadella has also spent big to acquire other communities, with LinkedIn costing $26.2 billion and GitHub for $7.5 billion. GitHub was a key target to buy developer love and a huge community, and LinkedIn connected Microsoft more deeply to businesses and provided access to a significant professional social graph.

Microsoft has clearly been on the hunt for the same type of creator-led community on the consumer side, but TikTok and Pinterest didn’t work out. The software maker has also failed elsewhere. Microsoft acquired Beam a couple of years after Nadella was named CEO, and eventually rebranded it into its Mixer streaming service. Microsoft tried to compete with Twitch but ultimately failed because it didn’t have the broad consumer reach. Instead, it shut down Mixer last year and helped transition streamers over to Facebook Gaming.

Discord offers Microsoft a big and engaged community. Primarily used by gamers, it has become a Gen Z hub for socializing with friends, particularly during the pandemic. It consists predominantly of private communities, and Discord has 6.7 million active servers every single day. It’s a huge community, 75 percent of which are Discord users outside of North America.

It’s also become an essential tool for many over the past year. I’ve personally used Discord daily to keep in touch with friends, or participated in remote movie nights, streamed games, and just used the app as a place to hangout. Millions use Fortnite to hangout and play together, and Discord is the primary way these communities of friends talk and chat while they’re gaming.

Discord is a great mix of Slack messaging and Zoom video, combined together with a unique ability to just drop into audio calls freely. You don’t have to organize a time to call friends, or send them links, you just all jump in and out of voice channels that are always ready and open.

Discord’s easy drop-in chat has made it popular among gamers.
Image: Discord

Azure and Xbox

The community and creator aspects for Microsoft’s potential Discord acquisition are clear, but the company is also driven by its desire to have big public services running on Azure. It’s an area where Microsoft has fallen behind rival Amazon Web Services (AWS), and it’s particularly relevant when you consider Discord is powered by Google Cloud. Microsoft and Google are at each other’s throats again, so Microsoft migrating Discord over to Azure would be seen as a big win for its cloud ambitions.

Microsoft has also transitioned Minecraft from AWS over to Azure recently, and the company quickly moved Outlook for iOS (part of its Acompli acquisition) away from AWS years ago. Having a big platform like Discord, TikTok, or Pinterest running on Azure allows Microsoft’s huge sales force to sell more businesses on making the switch.

Discord also has growth potential for Microsoft beyond the cloud. Discord raised $100 million last year to try to move beyond just gaming and attract art communities, sports networks, school clubs, and lots more. This all sounds very similar to what Microsoft is trying to do with Microsoft Teams for personal use, after the company struggled to have its own Zoom moment with Skype.

Discord does open up Microsoft to moderation headaches, though. Discord created a task force to combat hate speech on the service last year, alongside improving its own racial equality efforts. Like many social networks, it has had to combat toxic users, bots, and groups that use the service for hacking, organized hate, and other nefarious activities. Discord does benefit from the fact it doesn’t try to amplify content to keep users engaged like Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube. Microsoft has a lot of solid experience dealing with moderation with its Xbox Live network, and the company has been on a mission to combat toxicity in gaming in recent years.

Minecraft has been a successful acquisition for Microsoft.

If Microsoft is successful in its acquisition attempt, the crossovers between Discord and Xbox are obvious. Xbox chief Phil Spencer has previously discussed the importance of Discord as a place “where people come together to talk about games, watch games, watch others play games.” That should have been Mixer, but the user base wasn’t there. A Discord acquisition could tighten the integration between Xbox, PC, and Discord, at a moment when consoles are basically turning into powerful PCs.

Spencer has been open to “cross-talk” between Xbox Party Chat and Discord for years, and it’s reasonable to assume it would be a priority for Microsoft to bring Discord to Xbox if a deal goes ahead. This type of integration would only make Xbox more appealing than PlayStation, just as Microsoft’s $7.5 billion Bethesda acquisition is designed to boost Xbox Game Pass with exclusive games.

Beyond that, I think Microsoft has learned to let its successful acquisitions flourish independently. Skype is a solid example of what goes wrong when Microsoft attempts to integrate a complicated service into its vast network of software and services, but GitHub, LinkedIn, and Mojang have all stayed largely independent. Microsoft wants Discord because of its active user base; the last thing it needs to do is anger a community of millions.

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Comments

It feels odd to have a story written about the world’s most valuable company buying competitors (companies they could at least try to compete with) without mentioning antitrust

Do say more. Do you feel like Discord has a near monopoly in an area?

Anti-trust isn’t just about monopoly. This is some serious vertical integration, which can be considered anti-competitive through network effects. For instance, like seriously decreasing costs because you own the cloud platform – which makes it pretty hard for a new startup to compete on price

Well said.

Not to mention, I hate Microsoft being all up in my business. I will flat out stop using discord if they purchase them. Not that I really mean all that much to Discord. Compared to the great service they give me. But, I hate a lot of Microsoft practices. Excluding Xbox and their licecing programmer developmemt

So the company that can barely turn a profit is the competitor?

Well, xBox has its own integrated user group chat service – one of the things given as to why users should pay for xBox Live Gold…Discord is basically The default platform for user group chatting used by Xbox’s competitors (PS, Switch, not sure about Stadia…but Discord is the default outside of xBox).

Doesn’t seem like a good idea from a competitive standpoint. JMHO.

That’s a miopic view of the market. Follow the money. Discord, Teams and Slack do compete. Look at stackshare… They are compared directly because they all support integrations via simple webhooks… Most IT departments don’t decouple the integrations from the chat platform.

The end result is it becomes a blank canvas for companies to push their wares… Like the Windows lock screen, VS Code’s Azure ads, and Skypes downfall and conversion to Teams, and more recently GitHub’s push of GitHub CLI, a proprietary GitHub only developer tool.

without mentioning antitrust

There is no anti-trust here because it is Discord who is looking to sell and not that Microsoft is forcibly trying to buy Discord by throwing a piles of money at it. And it would be foolish for Microsoft not to partake in negotiations given the massive userbase that Discord has.

What’s the reason they want to sell? Might be because they are cornered by larger companies

Nope, it’s just the usual reason. The investors want a quick profit.

Discord is backed by venture capital. Venture capital means that the comapny either has to go public (IPO) or be sold to another larger company. Waiting around for the company itself to make a profit is out of the question, because it takes too long.

This is how it always plays out. It’s extremely rare for a venture capital backed company to not do one of the three things: IPO, be acquired, go bankrupt.

My guess is they ran out of ideas. They built what enterprise thought was impossible, a reactive, tenant-less, NoSQL, cloud scale, media rich, multi OS, free and open platform.

They have nothing left to do, competitors can only catch up. Apple is too luxury to get it’s hands dirty with teens, Google is on the hot seat for YouTube and Android. Microsoft has the best tools for content moderation… There are very few other companies that can sensibly buy Discord… SoftBank, TikTok, Zoho, WordPress, Amazon, Starlink, AirBus, Spotify, BP, Chevron.

Microsoft doesn’t dominate the chat space? It would be much more a thing if eg. Slack or Zoom was looking at buying Discord. Microsoft Teams isn’t really big enough for this to be a problem?

Lol Teams is way bigger than Slack now thanks to the pandemic, so by that logic this would be a problem but FWiW I don’t really have a problem with Microsoft purchasing Discord because as an Xbox user it’ll benefit me, and if the alternative is either an Epic or Amazon acquisition then fuck that. Microsoft has been an excellent steward under Nadella so the only thing that worries me about this is 10-20 years from there’s no way of knowing that Microsoft will still be governed by the same principles (though it’s been working for them so I don’t see why it would).

Teams is much bigger than Slack, but your point stands. There’ s plenty of competition in this space already.

There are countless other ‘chat’ services. Like hundreds. Discord is just a drop in the bucket.

That’s what they said about Instagram…

No one said that. Ever.

It feels odd to have a story written about the world’s most valuable company buying competitors

Did you banish Apple to an alternate reality?

Whole lotta people here that don’t even understand the basics of antitrust law.

Just dozens of people aggressively defending Microsoft’s right to buy whoever they want with their billions of dollars. Totally normal society.

Oh the irony.

microsoft bought skype and killed it. i don’t think we have anything to worry about

Your bias on this item is illustrated when you can’t even decide if Discord is really a competitor to Microsoft, or a company Microsoft "could at least try to compete with".

If Discord is not a material competitor to Microsoft, then the acquisition is more probably net beneficial because it makes Discord more likely to survive in a service area where it is competing against other, more highly capitalized players. This is better for the competition.

There were also reports that Discord was just using these talks to hype itself up to investors for an IPO.
Personally I hope that that is the case, because there is a reason Microsoft largely turned away from consumer-facing services in the first place, they SUCK at them. As soon as something is more casual rather than professional Microsoft can’t deal with it, because Microsoft itself is just very corporate.

That must be why they’re still the default PC platform in the home and how they successfully created a new gaming platform from scratch.

When you consider the alternatives at the conception of both of them, it suddenly doesn’t seem as impressive.
And besides that, it’s not like either of them are as informal as a messaging service. Do you need me to make the Skype comparison? Even when they had a good thing going for them they messed it up.

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